Termeni cu A


  • power of creation, the experience of having created some external visable object.


  • the desire for completion.


  • a teacher of Kashmir Shaivism who lived in Kashmir during the 1th century, author of texts on Kashmir Shaivism including The Tantra Loka, Vijnayana-bhairava, and other works.

abhyantara अभ्यन्तर – interiorul

  • internal

अभ्यास – practica

  • practica, rutina, exercitii
  • practice, the act of practicing.
  • practice; cf. vairagya

अकार्य – inactiune

आचार्य – profesor, perceptor, patriarh

  • Teacher or Guru
  • a preceptor, instructor; cf. guru

अधो – decendent

  • spre jos
  • Downward

adho mukha svanasana
अधो मुख स्वानासन –

  • Downward Facing Dog Pose

adho mukha vrksasana
अधो मुख वर्कससना –

  • Downward Facing Tree Pose or Handstand

अद्वैत –

  • Non duality
  • the truth and teaching that there is only One Reality (Atman, Brahman), especially as found in the Upanishads; see also Vedanta
  • a philosophy according to which there is no duality, only a singular state of consciousness

अग्नि – foc

  • foc, flacara, ardere
  • fire, the god of fire.

agnisar kriya

  • one of the shatkarmas (cleansing practices), intestinal cleansing.


  • Fire Log Pose


  • ego


अहंकार – egoul

  • pride or ego
  • the individuation principle, or ego, which must be transcended; cf. asmita; see also buddhi, manas


अहिंसा – non-violenta

  • non-violence, non-injury, one of the yamas.
  • the single most important moral discipline (yama)

ajapa japa

  • spontaneous repetition of ‘soham’ mantra.

ajna chakra अंजना चक्र –

  • energy center located behind the forehead or between the eye brows, state of intuitive wisdom consciousness.

akarm dhanurasan

  • Shooting Bow Pose


आकाश – eter

  • cer, spatiu
  • ether or space.
  • the first of the five material elements of which the physical universe is composed; also used to designate “inner” space, that is, the space of consciousness (called cid-akasha)
  • The first of the five material elements that our universe is composed of, the ether. This is the basis and essence of all things, the fundamental building block of our world. Its main characteristic is sound, called Shabda, which is why yogis use certainly vocalizations to find balance during the practice (see “Om” below).

akbar अकबर –

  • the 16th century king of Kashmir who built the famous Shalimar Gardens.

alabdha bhumikatva

  • not able to hold on to what has been undertaken.

alasya आलस्य –

  • laziness

amarnath caves

  • located in the Himalayas, a sacred place dedicated to the god Shiva.

अमृत – nectar

  • elixirul vietii, ambrozie
  • a designation of the deathless Spirit (atman, purusha); also the nectar of immortality that oozes from the psychoenergetic center at the crown of the head (seesahasrara-cakra) when it is activated and transforms the body into a “divine body” (divya-deha)


  • Nectar of everlasting life.

anahata chakra अनाहत चक्र –

  • energy center located in the heart region, fourth of the seven chakras.
  • energy center in the “subtle body” associated in the “physical body” with the heart.


  • Melting Heart Pose

आनंद – fericire

  • bliss, ecstasy.
  • the condition of utter joy, which is an essential quality of the ultimate Reality (tattva)

ananda balasana

  • Happy Baby Pose


  • divine presence governing the yamas & niyamas.

anandamaya kosha

  • the sheath of bliss.


  • Side Reclining Leg Lift Pose.


  • the most subtle impurity of consciousness, when one can not hold on to the Shiva state, when one has a feeling of being incomplete.


  • means of increasing self-awareness using mantra, breath, and cognitive organs.

अंग – membru, parte

  • membru, corp, organ, compoenta, ingredient
  • a fundamental category of the yogic path, such as asana, dharana, dhyana, niyama,pranayama, pratyahara, samadhi, yama; also the body (deha, sharira)


  • unsteadiness in the body.

anjali mudra

  • Salutation Seal


  • Low Lunge or Crescent Pose

annamaya kosha

  • tnatomical sheath of man.

अंतर –

  • inner or internal.

antar dhauti

  • internal yoga cleansing (shatkarma) techniques.

antar kumbhaka

  • internal breath retention, the stage of pranayama where breath is retained after inhalation.

antar mouna

  • internal silence, a meditation practice.

anu अनु –

  • sub
  • the individual, limited being.


  • experience, realization.


  • power of revealing.

anusara yoga

  • called heart-oriented, this yoga integrates the celebration of the heart, universal principles of alignment, and energetic asanas.


  • Supta Balasana or Knees to Chest Pose


  • nongreed, nonhoarding, one of the five yamas, or restraints, which are the first of the eight stages of classical Yoga.

अर्ध – semi

  • jumatate
  • half

ardha bhekasana

  • Half Frog Pose

ardha chandrasana

  • Half Moon Pose

ardha dhanurasana

  • half bow yoga pose.

ardha matsyendrasana

  • Half spinal twist yoga position

ardha navasana

  • Half Boat Pose

ardha padmasana

  • Half lotus pose

ardha uttanasana

  • Standing Half Forward Bend


  • hero of the Mahabharata and central figure of the Bhagavad Gita.
  • one of the five Pandava princes who fought in the great war depicted in theMahabharata, disciple of the God-man Krishna whose teachings can be found in the Bhagavad Gita

asamprajnyata samadhi

  • state in which no traces of thought are present.

asan point

  • in practice is the point where after in an asana one holds the breath and the mind goes into silence.


असना – sezut

  • postura (in special meditativa)
  • yoga movement, position, pose or posture.
  • a physical posture (see also anga, mudra); the third limb (anga) of Patanjali’seightfold path (astha-anga-yoga); originally this meant only meditation posture, but subsequently, in hatha yoga, this aspect of the yogic path was greatly developed
  • seat; yoga posture


  • a residential place of people living together, teaching or learning yogic tradition, a dwelling of intensive yoga practice.
  • a hermitage; also a stage of life, such as brahmacharya, householder, forest dweller, and complete renouncer (samnyasin)

ashta-anga-yoga, ashtanga-yoga 

  • 1) eight fold path of yoga: yama, niyama, asana, pranayama, pratyahara, dharana, dhyana, samadhi 2) challenging yoga to build strength, flexibility, and stamina.
  • the eightfold yoga of Patanjali, consisting of moral discipline (yama), self-restraint (niyama), posture (asana), breath control (pranayama), sensory inhibition (pratyahara), concentration (dharana), meditation (dhyana), and ecstasy (samadhi), leading to liberation (kaivalya)

अष्टांग –

  • eight-limbed yogic path; for Ashtanga/Power Yoga, et al, see the relephant Glossary of Popular Yoga Lineages and Styles


  • a Vedic ritual sacrifice.

ashwini mudra

  • practice of contracting the anal sphincter.


  • Ego
  • a concept of Patanjali’s eight-limbed yoga, roughly synonymous withahamkara


  • Eight Angle Pose.


  • Nonstealing, one of the five yamas, or restraints, which are the first of the eight stages of classic Yoga.


आत्मन –

  • soul, the individual being.
  • the transcendental Self, or Spirit, which is eternal and superconscious; our true nature or identity; sometimes a distinction is made between the atman as the individual self and the parama-atman as the transcendental Self; see also purusha; cf. brahman

ॐ – A-U-M

  • the universal mantra, cosmic vibration of the universe, represents the four states of consciousness, Sanskrit word meaning “all” represents the omnipresence of�Paramatma – also Om


  • Spirit or Mystic having moved beyond materialism or ego.
  • a radical type of renouncer (samnyasin) who often engages in unconventional behavior


  • An incarnation of God.


  • Trance

avidya (vs prajna)
अविद्या – ignoranta

  • Ignorance
  • the root cause of suffering (duhkha); also called ajnana; cf. vidya
  • Avidya and Prajna are two sides of the same coin. On one side is Avidya, spiritual ignorance and the root cause of suffering. It is here that many find themselves seeking yoga, to relieve that sense of anguish and to find balance. Prajna is the opposite, meaning wisdom and spiritual liberation of the yogi. Centering yourself is prajna is one of the main goals of yoga.

आयुर्वेदा –

  • Health Science in India
  • one of India’s traditional systems of medicine, the other being South India’s Siddha medicine
  • the ancient Indian science of health